By Jonathan Thompson and Sheriff A.J. Louderback
Ed. Note: National Sheriffs’ Association officials met with the Homeland Security Department’s deputy secretary in Washington, DC, last week to plead for DHS to fix the catch and release system that too often allows illegal immigrants with a rap sheet back on the streets. The article below was published in The Hill newspaper last week. In it, the sheriff’s say the DHS must share information more effectively with state and local law enforcement and broaden the eligibility categories for deportation to protect citizens and communities.
While a series of recent tragic murders and assaults allegedly committed by illegal immigrants in so-called “sanctuary cities” has rightly focused the nation’s attention on communities that refuse to enforce federal immigration laws, a new Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) policy poses at least an equal threat to public safety: ICE has effectively tied the hands of local law enforcement agencies and is forcing the release of illegal immigrants who are known to have committed crimes in our communities.
Under ICE’s new “Priority Enforcement Program”—or “PEP”—Washington now “prioritizes” the criminal activities of illegal immigrants being held in custody and pursues only those who have been charged with the most serious felonies and those whose cases have already resulted in a conviction.
Those illegal immigrants whose crimes are not regarded by Washington as serious enough, together with those who have been charged with serious crimes but not yet convicted, must now be released once they make bail or have served their local sentences, since there is no legal authority to hold them.
The new PEP initiative took effect in January 2015 as a substitute for the Department of Homeland Security’s Secure Communities program, which allowed ICE to place a 48-hour detainer on any illegal immigrant who had been placed under arrest and was being held in local custody, even while awaiting trial.
Numerous courts had held that 48-hour detainers under Secure Communities program did not establish sufficient grounds to hold an illegal immigrant unless ICE first obtained a formal warrant for the individual or had already obtained a formal Order of Deportation.
For years, ICE has been so negligent in providing the required legal documentation that sheriffs and other local law enforcement officials have routinely been placed in an impossible position: after having devoted all the resources necessary to investigate and apprehend these individuals, sheriffs were forced to release them back onto the streets or risk personal liability for violating the civil rights of the illegal immigrant under the Fourth Amendment.
Even in those cases where the warrant or Order of Deportation had been acquired, ICE frequently never even bothered to pick up the individual, leaving the costs of his or her detention to be paid by local taxpayers.
The system was so broken that the Secure Communities program was derisively known by law enforcement officials as “Catch-and-Release.”
The new “PEP” initiative, however, is now being called “Catch-and-Release 2.0.”
Not only does PEP make the 48-hour holds of illegal immigrants nearly impossible, it excludes thousands of criminal aliens whose crimes are—in the opinion of Washington bureaucrats, anyway—not serious enough to warrant their deportation.
Even when a detention is sought, since a 48-hour hold is no longer authorized, ICE is only permitted to “request” that an illegal immigrant be held—a process that violates any number of civil rights and, in the absence of any legal authority, forces sheriffs to release known dangerous criminals back into the community.
Confronted with this dilemma, some sheriffs have been willing to face the risk of legal liability, but many have not—and none should be faced with such a Hobson’s choice. (Notably, in those instances where sheriffs have been sued for honoring an ICE detainer request, neither the Department of Homeland Security nor ICE has stepped forward to defend them.)
In the interest of public safety, President Obama and the Department of Homeland Security need to go back to the drawing boards. If probable cause exists to arrest an illegal immigrant for a violation of law, the federal government has a responsibility to intervene, and to do so effectively.
As he has done many times before, the president should issue an executive order directing the Department of Homeland Security to share information more effectively with state and local law enforcement and to broaden the eligibility categories for deportation.
At the same time, Congress owes it to local taxpayers to increase the reimbursement for state and local agencies that house criminal aliens on behalf of the federal government: there is no reason these costs should be borne by local taxpayers.
Thompson is executive director of the National Sheriffs’ Association. Louderback is sheriff of Jackson County, Texas.
The National Sheriffs’ Association (NSA) is one of the largest associations of law enforcement professionals in the United States, representing more than 3,000 elected sheriffs across the nation, and a total membership of more than 20,000. NSA is a non-profit organization dedicated to raising the level of professionalism among sheriffs, their deputies, and others in the field of criminal justice and public safety. Throughout its seventy-five year history, NSA has served as an information clearinghouse for sheriffs, deputies, chiefs of police, other law enforcement professionals, state governments and the federal government.